Afghanistan its Neighbors the Region and International Relations in the Light of the Need for Diplomatic Solutions

By: Dr. G. Rauf Roashan

The turmoil Afghanistan is in is more than forty years old. There has been war, unrest, war and some more war in this strategically located south-central country in Asia. Wars have been fought throughout human history. These have testified the violent and irresponsible attitude of the human race. Hot wars have tragically cost nations thousands upon thousands of the lives. And on a few instances, humans have paused and pondered if there could be an alternative to the mass killings of the people. On these occasions, some circles have thought of diplomatic solutions instead of wars. This has been not only because humans must show humanity but also because diplomatic solutions could be less expensive. In Afghanistan especially after 2001 when efforts for democratization started in the country and when the issue of regional and world terrorism gained importance among world nations, the governments that were established with the help of international interests led by the United States of America, a rush to expand the country’s military consumed most of the energy to the detriment of a peaceful, well organized effort to bring peace and tranquility to this country. However, the governments that were thus created haphazardly started to become addicted to foreign military and more so to foreign financial help. This cost the world and the friends of Afghanistan hundreds of billions of Dollars for which there is not much to show in the area of physical development or overall transparent and clean introduction of democracy. There are of course dozens of reasons for this failure of both the Afghan governments and international supporters of them. But what I would like to emphasize here is the most important roadblocks to the creation of a prosperous and peaceful Afghanistan laid by her neighbors, regional and world powers and international organizations. This clearly points to the weakness of diplomacy played regarding this country both by itself as well as the United States. Let us have a quick look on this issue:

Afghanistan’s Neighbors:

1: Pakistan: Many believe that Pakistan was instrumental in helping Afghanistan fight the Soviet Red Army. But when you look for why did Pakistan get involved in this issue you will find that she did so first and foremost for its own agenda that included its need for a subservient Afghanistan, after it wins its war with the Soviet intruders. This was important to Pakistan because of its profound problems with the neighboring India and its fear that Afghanistan should not take the side of India in the Indo-Pakistan disputes. In addition, the naked invasion of Afghanistan by its northern neighbor namely the Soviet Union attracted both sympathy and all-inclusive assistance to her cause that were delivered through Pakistan which pocketed tremendous amounts of aid as well as military equipment meant for the Afghan nation’s fighters who were busy fighting a superpower of the time. In addition, the longstanding issue of the Pashtun belt around east and south east of Afghanistan was another incentive for Pakistan that was and still is interested in renewing the issue of the Durand Line as a British scheme drawn by the British empire more than one hundred years ago. This in itself is a complex geopolitical issue between the two countries. Further more Pakistan has consistently housed, financed, armed and provided with safe haven the terrorists that commit violence in Afghanistan and retreat into Pakistan. The suicidal attacks in Afghanistan have occurred because the attackers receive training and encouragement in Pakistan. Even today the leadership of Taliban live in Pakistan a fact that the world at large and especially the United States is well aware of.

2. Iran: The western neighbor of Afghanistan under its clerical administration and following its longtime goals of achieving influence in Afghanistan found that she was vulnerable to all sorts of intervention in her affairs specifically religious and cultural. The issues of common history, language and religion have always been used as baits for Iran to gain influence in the strategically important Afghanistan. During the dark years of Russian occupation Iran found it easy to materialize some of its schemes. A weaker neighbor is more prone to tolerating advances by its expansionist neighbor especially when the schemes begin with issues of religion and culture.

3. The Region: India for the reasons explained above regarding its long- lasting serious differences with Pakistan has shown great interest in helping Afghanistan. She believes that friendship between Afghanistan and India will weaken Pakistani efforts to advance its threats of military action against India in Kashmir and Punjab.

Central Asian newly independent countries also aware of Afghanistan’s strategic importance regarding trade, culture and religion and especially fearing expansion of terroristic phenomenon into their countries and the issue of smuggling of narcotics have renewed their interests in Afghanistan Luckily they have not partnered with terroristic activities of violence against Afghanistan. For them a peaceful Afghanistan is essential for advancing their own development programs especially after gaining independence from the yoke of Soviet Union.

Saudi Arabia in its turn sees in Afghanistan the possibility of advancing its Wahhabis’ agenda as well as gaining further recognition in other Islamic countries in helping Afghanistan specially so because of the populous Pakistan that is like India a nuclear power.

4. The United States: Some analysts find themselves surprised at the level and extent of the US involvement in Afghan affairs. Some of the reasons could be explained such as the rivalry between the US and Russia in Afghanistan and the region. Also, the proximity of China and Iran to Afghanistan which is of strategic importance to the US. Other reasons are hard to decipher. One would expect that the US would try to implement programs in Afghanistan that would enhance trust, further cooperation and mutual benefits. But using a US diplomat of Afghan origin to take part in the shaping of a new Afghanistan somehow proved to be detrimental to the above objectives. One would have expected that the US would help bringing about a truly democratic system in Afghanistan that would implement policies boosting human rights and belief in democracy with the consent of the masses and thus increase trust of the people of Afghanistan in the US and boost up the level of respect towards it. However, the US effort achieved the opposite. It ended in getting the US militarily involved and  resulted in paying tremendous price in men and finances to the American tax payers. This was explained in a policy that would uproot terrorism in the region and would contribute to anti-terroristic endeavors of the West. The military entanglement of the US did not result in giving a final blow to terrorism instead, the same diplomat ended up serving the objectives of the terrorists like those of the Taliban in Afghanistan.

5. The European Union and specially NATO’s involvement that followed on the footsteps of the US too failed to help a decisive manner the case of war and terror in Afghanistan.

6. The Arab League and the Islamic Conference: These are two very weak instruments for decisive political action. They are mostly involved in Arab and a few Islamic issues that have had no solution so far.

7. The Non-alignment Movement: This very important movement was truly significant during the cold war years when the world was bi-polar. At present it seems to be just an institution for formality.

Under these circumstances Afghanistan does need a powerful movement in the form of an organized effort representing its people by a representative intelligentsia to come together in the form of a great national movement.

Political objectives of such an organization should be:

1.  Formulating a political platform including its objectives regarding Afghanistan’s relationships with countries and movements abroad

2. The platforms should include:

a: Suggestions for agreements between Afghanistan and each of its neighbors to be agreed upon and signed in the presence of international witnesses and representatives of the United nations.

b: Suggestions and agreements between Afghanistan and the United Nations, on political support to Afghanistan’s legitimate objectives for peace and development as well as regulating her relations with other countries.

c: Suggestions for agreements with the European Union and Afghanistan regarding the Union’s help and support about legitimate objectives of Afghanistan.

d: Working papers of relationship with each of the neighboring states of Afghanistan regarding their verifiable cooperation in non-interference in the affairs of each other and regulating commerce, culture and mutual interests according to well defined objectives and carrying out of annual assessment and evaluation of the above in meetings to be held alternatively in Afghanistan and each one of he said countries. It should also define the benefits of such cooperation to both sides.

e: Creating of a working paper for the best utilization of Afghanistan’s strategic location for development of commercial relations among all countries concerned through and from Afghanistan including safety of highways and extension of railways primarily to expand trade between south-central Asia, the middle east, south-Asia and China and the far east.

Obviously, implementation of the above suggestions requires activation of Afghanistan’s diplomatic institutions in friendly countries as well as its representative ligations to the European Union, NATO and other pertinent organizations.  Assignment of an Envoy at large would facilitate the work of coordination among institutions of interest inside and outside the country.

از عشق تا حقيقت

از عشق تا حقيقت

نوشته ي داكتر رووف روشان

سلام بر زندگاني و سلام بر آدمي
كه اوج ميپذيرد

تا بلنداي آسمان ها
و حقيقت را ميجويد

تا پاي كرسي خدا
و اگر نمي يابد بسنده نميكند

تا عشق را مي يابد
و عشق را حقيقت ميپندارد

سلام بر آدمي
سلام بر من

كه از تاريكي گريزانم
تا خودم را در روشنايي ببينم

كه خودم را ميبينم
كمبودي هاي خلقت خود را

كه ناتواني هاي ادراك خود را
كه سرگرداني در افلاك خود را

كه آنگاه فكر ميكنم
با اين همه كمبودي

چسان حقيقت را خواهم شناخت
و چسان از عشق به حقيقت راه خواهم يافت

در انديشه فرو ميروم تا پاي كرسي خدا
و از آنجا به يگانه سياره اي كه ميشناسم

نگاه ميكنم به سياره ايكه بران زيسته ام
و حياتي كه بران شناخته ام

و به انسان انديشه ميكنم
كه چيزي بيشتر از ديگران دارد

چيزي بيشتر از فرشتگان
چيزي بيشتر از همه جانداران

و قدرت تعقل او را
كه به او هديه كرده اند رايگان

سلام بر انسان
كه روزي اين قدرت را

يكجا با قدرت دماغي انسانهاي ديگر
بكار خواهد برد

و به ادراك خود
قابليت هاي تازه خواهد داد

كه كمبودي هاي آنراچاره خواهد كرد
كه در تكامل آن استخاره خواهد كرد

كه رنگ هاي ناديده را خواهد ديد
كه صداهاي نا شنيده را خواهد شنيد

كه بو هاي نا شميده را خواهد شنيد
و ابر انسان خواهد آفريد

و ابر انسان در جستجوي حقيقت
تا پايِ تخت خداخواهد تاخت

وكسوت زيباي عشق را به تن خواهد كرد
و در جستجوي حقيقت به هر چيز انديشه خواهد كرد

و زندگي را با تغيير در بنياد هسته ي سلول
به جلو خواهد راند

و با قدرت هاي نو يافته
با ادراك و فهم تكامل يافته

دست بدست عشق
در نورستان پر ستاره ي خدا

قدم به قدم به پيش خواهد تاخت
و خود را و كاينات را بهتر خواهد شناخت

و شايد عشق را و حقيقت را
توامان خواهد پسنديد

و انسان و همه مخلوقات را
در صلحي عاشقانه نماز خواهد گذاشت

و كرامت را
و كرامت انسان را بزرگ خواهد داشت

فريمانت، كليفورنيا

سرطان ١٣٩٤

شعر عشق

شعر عشق

نوشته ي داكتر رووف روشان


دزديده نگاهم را به زلف تو آويختم

رنگ شدم بر لبانت آميختم


گلاب شدم بر گونه هايت ريختم

پيراهن شدم بر اندامت چسپيدم


و تو فهميده يا نفهميده

از تپيدن هايم خنديدي


و رنگ سرخ بر گونه هايت گزيدي



و با نازنين نازت بر من گذر كردي

و با چشمانت شعر عشق سرودي


و من نسيم شدم

گونه ها و لبانت را بوسيدم


و گلهاي بدنت را ببر كشيدم

و َتو و اندام وسوسه گرت


در من و بر جانم وزيديد

و من بر لبانت تابيدم


و با تبسم ملكوتي ات به عشق گراييدم

و ترا ببر كشيدم


و رايحه شدم

بر جسم تو باريدم


تو برخاستي

دامن كشيدي


و چون باد جهيدي

و باد شده رقصيدي


و باد شده

از كلبه ي من رميدي


و من باران شدم

و گريستم


و بياد رقص تو

ذوب شدم، ناليدم


باران شدم



فريمانت، كليفورنيا

ثور ١٣٩٥



آيينه ايكه ميخنديد



داكتر رووف روشان


آيينه همچنان ميخنديد

من نميخنديدم

آيينه بمن نگاه ميكرد

و بي صدا ميخنديد

و من از وراي خنده هايش

همه سالهايي را ميديدم

كه نا خنديده پشت سر گذاشته بودم

به عمق خط هاي چهره ام

و به سپيدي همه تارهاي مويم

و به چشمان خسته و رنج كشيده ام

به پوست سالخورده ي صورتم

و سياهي و سپيدي چشمانم

گذشت ماها و سالها را

نظاره ميكردم

و بياد مياوردم

خوبي ها و بدي ها را

كه در خود ديده بودم

كه در انسان ديده بودم

عشق ها و كينه ها

آشتي ها و جنگ ها

زنان بيوه

اطفال يتيم

حسرت گرسنگان و برهنگان

و سوال هاي بيجواب

و ميدانستم چيزي را

گُم كرده ام

نميفهميدم چه چيز را

ميدانستم هرچه بود

جايش پيش من خالي است

و آنگاه باز خنده ي خاموش

آيينه را ميشنيدم

و چشم و ابروي استهزا گرش را


و از استهزايش نميخنديدم

به خاطره هايم بر ميگشتم

آهسته آهسته


من عمرم را

من جواني ام را

گُم كرده بودم

راهي نبود آنها را دوباره بيابم

آنگاه به آيينه نگاه كردم


و من خنده كردم

او بي صدا خنده كرد

و من قاه قاه خنديدم


فريمانت كليفورنيا

سنبله ١٣٩٤



نوشته ي داكتر رووف روشان


دل من ميلرزيد

پريشان بودم و در ترديد


كه عشق آمد و بر من ميخنديد

كه در عاشقي نيست شك، ني ترديد


بخود آمدم

گوش جانم اين حقيقت را ميشنيد

و اشك شوق بر گونه ام ميدويد


كه بهار آمده بود

بردر و ديوار مي چسپيد


با خودش رنگ آورده بود

زيبايي و دامن دامن نويد


كه شگوفه خواهد بود

كه ميوه خواهد شد بر مزيد


كه زمانه پاينده خواهد بود

چه ما زنده باشيم يا ناپديد


كه عشق پاينده خواهدبود

بدون شك، بدون ترديد


كه ما را عاشقي بايد

چنانكه از بهار خواهيم شنيدَ


كه تصوير تو، اي نازنين

در قطره قطره ي اشك من خواهد رقصيد


حتي آنگاه كه باران ببارد

يا آنگاه كه خواهد باريد


فريمانت، كليفورنيا

حمل ١٣٩٥


عشق را درياب

عشق را درياب

نوشته ي داكتر رووف روشان


اي دوست

دروازه هاي دلت را بكشا


مگر نمي شنوي طنين اين ساز را

از بانگ دراي قافله ي عشق است


كه فراميرسد

كه فضا را از اميد آگنده است


اي دوست

جاي پاي عشق را گرامي دار

و در اعماق دلت جاي بده


كه آدميان

نيكو خصال


به آن ضرورت دارند

اين شاهد را ميان دلت بپذير


كه بشريت نيازمند اوست

كه از كينه و نفرت و نفرين بيزار است


كه صلح ميخواهد

ميان گل ها


در چمن هاي سبز

و گلشن هاي خود رو


اي دوست درواَزه هاي دلت را بكشا

و دهل شادماني بنواز


اين عشق است فرا سوي دلت ميخرامد

او را درياب


فريمانت، كليفورنيا

حمل ١٣٩٥

مهمان من باش

مهمان من باش
نوشته ي داكتر رووف روشان

نازنين من
مهمان من باش

در قصر مرمرين رويا ها
آنجا كه فواره ها گلاب مي پاشند

كه فانوس ها
تير هاي نور رنگه مي افشانند

كه آواي موسيقي در تالار ها ميپيچد
كه مردمان در جامه هاي حرير

در تالار هاي آيينه ها
پايكوبي ميكنند

كه پياله هاي ياقوتي
بر رگ هاي وجود مستي ميپاشند

تو مهمان دل انگيز من باش
دستان مرا بدست بگير

به چشمان مشتاق من نگاه كن
و با آهنگ خوشنواي ساز

ترانه ي عشق را زمزمه كن
و دران عالم كه درد نباشد

كينه نباشد
فريب نباشد

محبت باشد و گل
ماهتاب ملايمي بتابد

دريا ها آرام باشند
مرغكان نغمه بسرايند

و عشق را نيايش كنند
و من باشم و تو باشي
و عاشقي باشد

فريمانت، كليفورنيا
حمل ١٣٩٥

درخت پر شگوفه ي نارنج

درخت پر شگوفه ي نارنج

نوشته ي داكتر رووف روشان

دلدار من
اين درخت پرشگوفه ي نارنج

كه بر سر و رويت رايحه مي افشاند
اين جويبار

كه آب آن به صفايي اشك است
اين هواييكه باران بهاري

آنرا براي تو شسته است
اين نسيم خوش

كه از گلشن گل هاي وحشي مي آيد
و از دامان كوهاي بلند

كه بر ارغوان هاي خودرو وزيده است
اين مرغكِ هزار نغمه

كه ترانه ي عشق و عاشقي بر منقار ميگذارد
كه براي تو

كه براي دل پربهار تو ميسرايد
همه را به تو پيشكش ميكنم

كه آنها را با يك نگاه گرم
از من بپذيري

كه حالت نگاهت
دل مرا چون جويبار كوهستاني

به شور آورد
كه با نغمه هاي هزار

و مستي كند

فريمانت، كليفورنيا

حمل ١٣٩٥

مرا بياد آور

مرا بياد آور

نوشته ي داكتر رووف روشان
اي جان من
ياقوت لبانت چوشيدني است
و هنگامي كه تير هاي روشني آفتاب
بر اندام برگ گلت
و نسيم ملايم بهاري بر پيچاپيچ سنبل كاكلت
بوسه بگذارند
و ماهتاب شب ها
به تشويق ستاره هاي كيهان هاي دور
داوود آسا اندام برهنه ات را دريابند
وستايش كنند
مرا بياد آور
كه تشنه ي لمس و بوسه هستم
كه تشنه ي عشق ووسوسه هستم


فريمانت، كليفورنيا

حمل ١٣٩٥

مرا بياد آور

مرا بياد آور

نوشته ي داكتر رووف روشان
اي جان من
ياقوت لبانت چوشيدني است
و هنگامي كه تير هاي روشني آفتاب
بر اندام برگ گلت
و نسيم ملايم بهاري بر پيچاپيچ سنبل كاكلت
بوسه بگذارند
و ماهتاب شب ها
به تشويق ستاره هاي كيهان هاي دور
داوود آسا اندام برهنه ات را دريابند
وستايش كنند
مرا بياد آور
كه تشنه ي لمس و بوسه هستم
كه تشنه ي عشق ووسوسه هستم


فريمانت، كليفورنيا

حمل ١٣٩٥